Based on information available as of February 16, 2021
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that can cause diseases ranging from the common cold to the newly discovered SARS-CoV-2, or COVID-19 virus that has caused a worldwide pandemic. This virus is highly contagious and easily transmitted from person to person.
Those who get COVID-19 can experience little to no symptoms that may resemble those of a cold or flu, and may take up to 14 days to appear. They can present themselves as:
The public health risk associated with COVID-19 for Canada is high. Current evidence suggests person-to-person spread is efficient when there is close contact. It is recommended that you keep practicing good hygiene to limit the spread of the virus.
It is recommended that you keep practicing good hygiene to limit the spread of the virus.It is recommended by the Government of Canada to avoid any non-essential travels outside of Canada until further notice.
You can stay healthy and prevent the spread of infections by:
Covid-19 can spread easily from person to person as it can be transmitted via droplets such as when a person sneezes, coughs, or talks. In addition, touching infected objected and then touching your mouth, nose or eyes can result in an infection even though the virus survives for shorter periods of time on surfaces.
Hence, it is important to follow the public health measures, notably wearing a mask, washing your hands frequently and practicing social distancing. There are also plenty of other ways of limiting the spread of Covid-19.
Ask you pharmacist or consult governmental websites for more information.
There are 2 types of authorized vaccine in Canada: mRNA vaccines (Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna) and recombinant vector vaccines (AstraZeneca/Covishield and Johnson&Johnson).
Although mRNA vaccines are relatively new, the technology behind them has been in development for the last two decades. The COVID-19 vaccines help your organism recognize an protein that is found on the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which helps the body create specific antibodies to fight against the virus if you are exposed to it. To achieve this, mRNA vaccines and recombinant vector vaccines use two different mecanisms. mRNA vaccines directly sends some kind of recipe to your cells, instructing them to produce a protein. Recombinant vector articles use an inoffensive virus as an enveloppe to carry the recipe to your cells.
Once the protein is created, antibodies are then developped. Now that your body possesses these antibodies, it will recognize and fight the virus much more rapidly and effectively if you are exposed to the COVID-19 virus.
It is important to note here that the vaccine DOES NOT contain the COVID-19 virus, and therefore, does not cause infection of any sort.
The Covid-19 virus can affect anyone in the population. Symptoms can range from mild to severe cases requiring hospitalization. In other cases, people may experience no symptoms at all or have not yet developed them.
There are common risk factors, such as age, diabetes, hypertension, lung disease and immunosuppression, that make you more at risk of developing more serious symptoms. However, severe symptoms and illness can affect anyone, even those presenting no risk factors.
Certain people are at increased risk of developing complications and dying if they infected by the virus that causes Covid-19. These includes older adults (>60 years old), people with chronic medical conditions, and individuals who are immunocompromised.
If you belong to any of these populations, it is important to protect yourself by limiting interactions with other people and by taking precautions when you do interact with others.
If patients believe they have symptoms that resemble those outlined above, the following steps are recommended:
It’s important that if you suspect you have been exposed to COVID-19, to not visit your pharmacy. Call your pharmacist to review your situation over the phone and discuss the best way to receive your medication.
To date, pregnant women are not at higher risk of contracting COVID-19 compared to the general public. There is no evidence yet that COVID-19 can be passed to the baby during birth or if the mother is sick during her last trimester of pregnancy. The virus has not been found in breast milk either. If you are pregnant, make sure to follow Public Health’s directives.
A loved one can still accompany the mother when giving birth at the hospital.
Your pharmacist can still be a part of your pregnancy journey. He or she can offer advice on medication and vitamins, help you relieve pregnancy-related symptoms such as nausea or acid reflux, help you manage gestational diabetes, provide breastfeeding equipment and even deliver all the items you need in the comfort of your home.
Due to COVID-19, the demand for certain medication is increasing. If your medication is the object of a shortage, your pharmacist will do their best to ensure your treatment is not interrupted and that you remain taken care of.
Continue to take your medication as usual, keep track of your supply and leave yourself and your pharmacist extra time for additional refills. Call your pharmacist at least 24 hours in advance, if possible, to order your medication or to announce your intention to go pick it up.
While the Government of Canada has been monitoring reports claiming Ibuprofen could worsen symptoms of COVID-19, there are no concrete scientific evidence that support this. The Government of Canada will continue to monitor the situation closely. Call and speak to your Pharmacist about whether or not Ibuprofen is appropriate for you.
Ask your doctor to provide your pharmacist your prescription by phone or fax. You can then discuss options with your pharmacy on how to receive your medications without coming in person.
Your pharmacy offers an array of services to help you get your medications at home or in a way that will minimize contact.These services may include:
Call your pharmacy to verify the availability of these services and arrange the details.
Call the new pharmacy to explain the situation and ask about their delivery options. The new pharmacy of your choice will contact your current pharmacy to transfer your prescriptions.
These products, including face masks, protective gloves and hand sanitizers are in high demand and may not be currently available at your pharmacy. Make sure you call your pharmacy before you leave, to avoid unnecessary trips.
If I don’t have any symptoms, can I still come to the pharmacy?
Whenever possible, avoid coming physically to the pharmacy. If you absolutely need to go, please call to verify store hours before you leave. Once in the store, make sure to keep at least 2 meters of distance between staff members and other customers, as well as following safety guidelines established by the pharmacy. Prioritize contactless methods of payment instead of cash.
Use our online or remote resources to access your medication or your pharmacist, such as delivery services, curbside pick-ups or mobile application. If you need to speak with your pharmacist, use the phone instead.
For the latest and most up-to-date information, visit the Public Health Agency of Canada's web page on COVID-19.
You can also follow Canada's Chief Public Health Officer, Dr. Theresa Tam, on Twitter at @CPHO_Canada.
Canadians travelling abroad are encouraged to consult the travel health notices on travel.gc.ca.
The information contained herein is provided for informational purposes only and is not intended to provide complete information on the subject matter or to replace the advice of a health professional. This information does not constitute medical consultation, diagnosis or opinion and should not be interpreted as such. Please consult your health care provider if you have any questions about your health, medications or treatment.